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Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder was formally known as manic-depressive disorder. It's a brain condition that causes a person to experience extreme rises and, in some cases, extreme lows of mood. These differences can affect the ability of a desire to perform daily activities.

Bipolar disorder is a long-term disease that is usually diagnosed in late adolescence or early adulthood. According to the Indian study Present prevalence is 0.4% – 0.5%, 1-year overall rate is 0.5% – 1.4% and lifetime prevalence is 2.6% – 7.8%. In India, the prevalence of affective bipolar disorder ranges from 0.51 per thousand populations to 20.78 per thousand populations. Experts are not exactly sure what causes bipolar disorder, Family’s Medical history can raise your risk.

While bipolar disorder may start at any age, it is generally diagnosed in the adolescent years or early 20s. Symptoms may vary from person to person, and symptoms may vary significantly.

Causes of bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is the most common mental health problem, but it is a bit strange to doctors and scientists. It's not yet sure what causes several people to develop the disorder, not others.

Possible causes of bipolar disorders include

1. Genetics

If your parent or sibling has bipolar disorder, you are more likely to inherit the disease than others. However, it is important to remember that most people who have bipolar disorder do not develop bipolar disorder in their family background.

2. It's your brain

Your brain structure may affect your disease risk. Abnormalities in the structure or function of your brain can raise your chance.

3. Environmental considerations

It's not just what's in your body that makes you more likely to experience bipolar disorder. Outside factors can also contribute. These considerations can include.

  • Ultimate stress
  • Traumatic Experience
  • Physical sickness

All of these factors can impact the formation of bipolar disorder. What is more likely, though, is that a mixture of factors leads to the development of the disease.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

There are three primary symptoms of bipolar disorder: mania, hypomania, and depression.

An individual with bipolar disorder can feel emotionally high when experiencing mania. They can feel nervous, impulsive, euphoric, and energetic. During manic episodes, they can also engage in behaviors such as:

  • Spending sprees
  • Unprotected sex
  • Use of drugs

Hypomania is commonly associated with bipolar II disorder. It's close to mania, but it's not as extreme as that. Unlike mania, hypomania does not cause problems at work, at school, or in social relationships. Those with hypomania, however, still experience shifts in their mood.

You can experience the following episode of depression:

  • Intense sadness
  • Desperation
  • Energy loss
  • Lack of interest in the hobbies they once enjoyed
  • Cycles of too little or too much sleep
  • Suicide thoughts

While this is not an uncommon disease, bipolar disorder can be difficult to diagnose due to its varying symptoms. Find out about symptoms that also arise during high and low periods.

Risk factors of bipolar disorder

These Characteristics that could enhance the chance of developing bipolar disorder or serve as a trigger for the first episode include:

  • Having a first-grade relative, such as a parent or a sibling, with bipolar disorder
  • High-stress times, such as the death of a loved one or other stressful incident.
  • Drugs or substance misuse
  • Complications
  • Untreated, bipolar disorder can cause serious problems affecting any aspect of your life, such as:
  • Drug and alcohol-related issues
  • Suicide or attempted suicide
  • Legal or financial challenges
  • Damaged Partnership
  • Bad job or success at school

Forms of bipolar disorders

There are three major forms of bipolar disorder: bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymia

Bipolar 1

Bipolar 1 is described as the occurrence of at least one manic episode. You may have hypomanic or major depressive symptoms before and after the manic episode. This form of bipolar disorder affects both men and women equally.

Bipolar 2

People with this form of bipolar disorder undergo one major depressive episode lasting at least two weeks. They still have at least one hypomanic episode, which lasts about four days. This form of bipolar disorder is thought to be more prevalent in women.


People with cyclothymia have episodes of hypomania and depression. These symptoms are shorter and less intense than mania and depression induced by bipolar I or bipolar II disorders. Most people with this disorder only experience a month or two at a time where their moods are normal.

Rapid cycle

Rapid-cycling is a word that includes experiencing four or more mood episodes in 12 months. Episodes must last for a certain number of days to be considered separate episodes. Some may experience shifts in polarity from high to low or vice versa within a single week or even within a single day, which means that the complete symptom profile that distinguishes distinct, separate episodes may not be present.

For example, a person does not have a reduced sleeping need). Sometimes called "ultra-rapid" cycling, there is controversy within psychology as to whether this syndrome is a true or well-established characteristic of bipolar disorder.

Rapid cycling processes can occur at any time during the illness, although some researchers suggest that they may be more frequent at later points in the lifetime of illness.

Your doctor may be able to tell you what kind of bipolar disorder you have when you discuss your diagnosis. In the meantime, read more about the forms of bipolar disorders.

1.Treatment for bipolar disorder

There are many therapies available that can help you control your bipolar disorder. That includes drugs, therapy, and lifestyle changes. Some natural remedies can be beneficial, too.


Psychotherapy Treatment

Recommended psychotherapy care can include

1.Cognitive behavior treatment

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a form of conversion therapy. You and the doctor are talking about how to treat your bipolar disorder. They're going to help you understand your thoughts habits. They will help you come up with constructive coping strategies, too.


Psychoeducation is a type of therapy that allows you and your loved ones to appreciate the condition. Knowing all about bipolar disorder is going to help you and others handle it in your life.

3.Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy

Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) focuses on the control of everyday activities, such as sleep, eating, and exercise. Balancing these fundamentals regularly will help you control your condition.

4.Certain options for treatment

Some care choices can include the following:

  • Electro-convulsive therapy (ECT)
  • Sleep medication
  • Equipment
  • Acupuncture

Changes in lifestyle

There are also some easy steps that you should take right now to better treat your bipolar disorder:

  • Keep a schedule of eating and sleeping
  • Learn to understand the changes in mood
  • Ask a friend or relative to endorse your treatment plans;
  • Speak to a doctor or approved health care provider

Certain lifestyle changes can also help to alleviate depressive symptoms caused by bipolar disorder.


There is no sure way of avoiding bipolar disorder. However, seeking care as early as possible will help prevent bipolar disorder or other mental health conditions from deteriorating.

If you have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, some techniques can help prevent the similar disease from becoming full-blown episodes of mania or depression:

Pay much attention to warning signs, please. Addressing symptoms early will prevent episodes from getting stronger. You may have established a trend for your bipolar episodes and what causes them.

How online counseling can help with bipolar disorder?

Medication for bipolar disorder depends on the level of depressive and depressing emotions, but people also need medicine to help regulate their moods. Medication for the psychiatric disease is best administered by a physician.

People with bipolar disorder can also benefit from medication or therapy with a qualified psychiatrist or psychologist to make them understand and better control their condition. Psychologists or psychologists can work with clients to help understand the beginning of a new phase and will also search for causes as well as establish management strategies for the beginning of manic or depressive symptoms.

Counselors and therapists will also work in conjunction with a therapist to handle the treatment of a person with bipolar disorder. This is particularly important if a person is taking medication to help manage their psychotic or depressive episodes.

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