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Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health disorder that requires a mixture of chronic issues, such as attention trouble, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior. While ADHD can begin in childhood, it can continue very well through teens and adulthood and is, therefore, not just a childhood condition.

It is a disorder that makes paying attention to and managing a person's impulsive actions difficult. The people with ADHD remain anxious and almost always involved.

Research in India showed that the prevalence of ADHD was 11.32 percent among primary school children.

According to the Indian studythe highest prevalence is found in ages 9 (at 26.4%) and 10 (at 25%). Further, the study showed that more males (66.7%) were found to have ADHD. Children who have ADHD were also observed to not only have poor academic performance and behavioral difficulty but also had problems with reading and writing.

Types of ADHD

There are three types of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD):

1. Inattentive type

People with inattention ADHD make sloppy errors because they fail to maintain focus, follow specific directions, and plan tasks and activities. They are forgetful, distracted by external stimulation quickly, and sometimes lose things.

2.Hyperactive-Impulsive Type

Children with hyperactive ADHD felt the need for continuous motion. Usually, they worry, squirm, and struggle to remain set. Sometimes speak too and run around. They are interrupting people, blurring out responses, and battling self-control. In children and men, this is more normal.

3.Combined type

Six or more inattention symptoms and six or more symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity are seen in people with combined-type ADHD.

Symptoms of ADHD

The signs of ADHD change depending on the child, but there are some symptoms that kids with ADHD appear to experience. Children with ADHD, for example, usually have trouble paying attention to information – at home and school.

There are two types of symptoms of ADHD, inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. Most kids have a mixture of the two, but that's not always the case. The lists below detail some of the common symptoms seen in children and adolescents.

Symptoms of Inattention

  • Short easily distracted attention span
  • Carrying out careless mistakes
  • Usually forgetful/lost things
  • Arguing for activities that take a long time to concentrate on
  • Appearing to be unable to listen to / perform instructions
  • Jumping from one job to the next
  • Had trouble organizing activities
  • Quickly become confused
  • Is slow to complete tasks

Symptoms of Hyperactivity Impulsiveness

  • Difficulty while sitting
  • Continuous fidgeting
  • Not willing to focus on taskss
  • Talking unnecessarily
  • Excessive physical exertion
  • Interrupting interactions with others
  • No sense of threat or danger
  • Hardy was waiting for their turn
  • Continually touching or playing with anything within sight
  • Non-stop talking-even when asked to be quiet

Causes of ADHD

The cause of ADHD is not yet well known, although a mixture of variables is assumed to contribute. Genetics, precisely the genes you inherit from your parents, are considered a significant factor.

Research has also shown that brain differences could be leading to ADHD. Those with the disease are shown to have smaller areas in some parts of the brain in brain scans.

The exact cause of ADHD isn't clear, but current research indicates that ADHD could be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors like-

1.Biological Factors

It is considered that a neurotransmitter (chemical messengers) called dopamine is a possible contributor to ADHD. Dopamine helps an individual to control emotional reactions and is able for pleasure and reward feelings. Scientists have found that lower dopamine levels are related to ADHD symptoms.


ADHD has been found to appear to operate within families.

3.Brain Changes

In children with ADHD, the brain area that improves attention is shown to be less active.
Other potential triggers, including premature birth, low birth-weight, illness to toxic lead, pregnancy, smoking, drinking, and drug abuse.

Diagnosing ADHD

All children become distracted, behave impulsively, and from time to time, fail to sit still. These "natural" habits, however, appear to be easily misdiagnosed as signs of ADHD. It can be challenging to decide what is considered "natural" because the maturity, disposition, and energy of a child change depending on the child's temper and level of self-awareness.

If you think you or your child could have attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD), consider consulting with a doctor or clinical psychologist.

To diagnose ADHD, there is no single exam. Instead, most successful experts depend on many factors, like talking to parents, hearing the child personally, questionnaires, grade systems, and psychological assessments.

To find out how much a child's symptoms change, its everyday moods, productivity, actions, and habits are essential for the doctor. The doctor may ask for hearing/eyesight tests and blood tests for lead levels to rule out other conditions. Your symptoms impact daily life.

Treatment for ADHD

Treatment for ADHD typically requires medication or therapy, with the two workings better for most people together. Both can help relieve symptoms and make day-to-day activities easier by having the right support and sufficient care.

ADHD Care — ADHD may be primarily controlled using medicine or therapy, but sometimes the most practical combination of both. On the other hand, counseling (psychotherapy )will help children with ADHD find healthy ways of expressing their feelings while enhancing their self-esteem.

The big news is that with proper treatment and child counseling, children with ADHD can grow up to be well, successful adults.

Nowadays, online counseling is also a demanding lifeline for patients stuck in their homes with ADHD, anxiety, and overwhelming symptoms.

Importance of Online Therapy

Online therapy is not new teletherapy, elemental wellbeing, telepsychology, online counseling, and more. But as entire states shutter and order social distancing steps to stop the current of a pandemic, it is freshly open and helpful. Today, mental health agencies are offering their programs online — individually and forever.

The structure and aims of in-person meetings are managed by online counseling. Sessions for both the therapist and the patient are done from home or another comfortable place that is safe, quiet, and private.

You'll probably find someone who is well-equipped to help you with about any problem, with so many therapists available.

How Online Therapy Helps

With an online therapist, the excellent news is, you can get this support from the security and convenience of your own home. No more time spent commuting to a psychiatrist's office and at a time that is convenient for you, day or night, you will get the assistance you want. For many patients and clinicians, online therapy is successful. In the case of an emergency, therapists can create a trauma plan to use.

Live chat session, online counseling, is ideal for people dealing with addiction to access the skilled care interventions that are important for long-term improvement. People can talk to their provider at any time, from the comfort and protection of their own homes, to discuss the recovery achievements and difficulties.

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